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What

Cross Orbweaver Araneus diadematus

Observer

indigomaple

Date

June 17, 2019 05:58 PM EDT
Cross Orbweaver - Photo (c) nonos, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
kyukich's ID: Cross Orbweaver (Araneus diadematus)
Added on June 18, 2019. 0 People agree, 1 disagrees

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What

Eastern Hognose Snake Heterodon platirhinos

Observer

nickgod

Date

the past

Place

(Somewhere...)
Eastern Hognose Snake - Photo (c) USFWSmidwest, some rights reserved (CC BY)
kyukich's ID: Eastern Hognose Snake (Heterodon platirhinos)
Added on June 03, 2019. 2 People agree, 0 disagree

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What

Eastern Hognose Snake Heterodon platirhinos

Observer

nickgod

Date

June 2, 2019 04:02 PM EDT

Place

(Somewhere...)
Eastern Hognose Snake - Photo (c) USFWSmidwest, some rights reserved (CC BY)
kyukich's ID: Eastern Hognose Snake (Heterodon platirhinos)
Added on June 03, 2019. 2 People agree, 1 disagrees

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Observer

neil20

Date

August 22, 2017 01:03 PM EDT
Seven-spotted Lady Beetle - Photo (c) Katja Schulz, some rights reserved (CC BY)
kyukich's ID: Seven-spotted Lady Beetle (Coccinella septempunctata)
Added on June 03, 2019. 1 Person agrees, 1 disagrees

Photos / Sounds

Observer

lisethromero

Date

April 28, 2019
Ennya - Photo (c) Pablo Alonso Ramos Henao, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
kyukich's ID: Genus Ennya, a member of Typical Treehoppers (Family Membracidae)
Added on May 20, 2019. 4 People agree, 1 disagrees

Photos / Sounds

What

Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus

Observer

kha

Date

May 4, 2019 01:02 PM EDT

Description

Great Crested Flycatcher?

Great Crested Flycatcher - Photo (c) Jerry Oldenettel, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
kyukich's ID: Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)
Added on May 05, 2019. 2 People agree, 0 disagree

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What

Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia

Observer

kha

Date

May 4, 2019 12:43 PM EDT
Black-and-white Warbler - Photo (c) Jay L. Keller, all rights reserved
kyukich's ID: Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)
Added on May 05, 2019. 1 Person agrees, 0 disagree

Photos / Sounds

What

Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus

Observer

kha

Date

May 4, 2019 01:02 PM EDT

Description

Great Crested Flycatcher?

Myiarchus - Photo (c) Jerry Oldenettel, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
kyukich's ID: Genus Myiarchus, a member of Tyrant Flycatchers (Family Tyrannidae)
Added on May 05, 2019. 2 People agree, 0 disagree

Photos / Sounds

Observer

sesernam

Date

November 18, 2018
Antonae - Photo (c) Sebastian Serna Muñoz, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
kyukich's ID: Genus Antonae, a member of Typical Treehoppers (Family Membracidae)
Added on March 30, 2019. 2 People agree, 3 disagree

Photos / Sounds

Observer

laurent_h

Date

January 31, 2019 12:52 PM -05
Leptoglossus - Photo (c) stripey, all rights reserved
kyukich's ID: Genus Leptoglossus, a member of Leaf-footed Bugs (Family Coreidae)
Added on February 25, 2019. 1 Person agrees, 0 disagree

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Observer

ehmaia

Date

April 28, 2018
Thecomyia - Photo (c) Evandro, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
kyukich's ID: Genus Thecomyia, a member of Marsh Flies (Family Sciomyzidae)
Added on January 23, 2019. 4 People agree, 2 disagree

Photos / Sounds

What

Clouded Yellows Genus Colias

Observer

kha

Date

August 21, 2017 10:40 AM EDT
Clouded Yellows - Photo (c) Dan Mullen, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
kyukich's ID: Clouded Yellows (Genus Colias)
Added on January 13, 2019. 5 People agree, 0 disagree

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What

Round-lobed Hepatica Hepatica americana

Observer

shajeentha

Date

April 22, 2018 03:03 PM EDT
Round-lobed Hepatica - Photo (c) cotinis, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
kyukich's ID: Round-lobed Hepatica (Hepatica americana)
Added on December 07, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 1 disagrees

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What

Four-Speckled Hover Fly Dioprosopa clavata

Observer

candi12

Date

September 30, 2018 01:52 PM CDT
Four-Speckled Hover Fly - Photo (c) cotinis, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-SA)
kyukich's ID: Four-Speckled Hover Fly (Dioprosopa clavata)
Added on November 02, 2018. 0 People agree, 1 disagrees

Photos / Sounds

What

Dorcadion Bee Fly Exoprosopa dorcadion

Observer

tmarkolivier

Date

June 25, 2018 05:09 PM EDT
Dorcadion Bee Fly - Photo (c) Jay Keller, all rights reserved, uploaded by Jay L. Keller
kyukich's ID: Dorcadion Bee Fly (Exoprosopa dorcadion)
Added on October 30, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 0 disagree

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Observer

jaliya

Date

September 11, 2017
Vincetoxicum - Photo (c) jacinta lluch valero, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)
kyukich's ID: Genus Vincetoxicum, a member of Milkweeds (Subfamily Asclepiadoideae)
Added on October 29, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 3 disagree

Photos / Sounds

Date

September 5, 2018 10:55 AM CDT
Villa - Photo (c) Michael Jefferies, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
kyukich's ID: Genus Villa, a member of Banded Bee Flies (Tribe Villini)
Added on October 22, 2018. 2 People agree, 2 disagree

Photos / Sounds

What

Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata

Observer

danjenki

Date

October 21, 2018 02:06 PM EDT
Garlic Mustard - Photo (c) 57Andrew, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
kyukich's ID: Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
Added on October 21, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 1 disagrees

Photos / Sounds

What

Non-biting Midges Family Chironomidae

Observer

jasonjdking

Date

June 17, 2018 11:45 AM EDT
Non-biting Midges - Photo (c) Don Loarie, some rights reserved (CC BY)
kyukich's ID: Non-biting Midges (Family Chironomidae)
Added on October 21, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 1 disagrees

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What

Dogwood Twig Borer Oberea tripunctata

Observer

miketheknife

Date

June 22, 2009 08:02 PM EDT
Dogwood Twig Borer - Photo (c) Jason Michael Crockwell, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC-ND)
kyukich's ID: Dogwood Twig Borer (Oberea tripunctata)
Added on October 21, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 0 disagree

Photos / Sounds

What

Cicadomorphans Infraorder Cicadomorpha

Observer

andersholder

Date

October 19, 2018 10:59 AM EDT

Description

Approx 2cm long. Looks like a small cicada with short wings

Alder Spittlebug - Photo (c) Larry Clarfeld, all rights reserved
kyukich's ID: Alder Spittlebug (Clastoptera obtusa)
Added on October 20, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 1 disagrees

Photos / Sounds

What

Eastern Boxelder Bug Boisea trivittata

Observer

madisonzitoli

Date

October 9, 2018 04:25 PM EDT

Description

Scientific & Common Name(s)
Boisea trivittata
Eastern Boxelder Bug

Habitat & Geographic Range
The eastern boxelder bug habits a range of North America, excluding Mexico (Chordas & McAllister, 2015). As of 2015, there are currently 35 states in the United States and 4 provinces in Canada that considered within the distribution of this bug (Chordas & McAllister, 2015). This aerial bug tends to select the base of trees, logwood, or the siding of houses as their overwintering sites (Klass, 2009). They are closely tied to the tree they are named after, the boxelder tree (Acer negundo), specifically the female tree (Day, 2016), which is where they can lay their eggs in the spring (Klass, 2009). They prefer warmer temperatures and are usually find out in the sun, clustering on the south and west sides of buildings (Klass, 2009).

Size/Weight & Lifespan
The size of this insect is about half an inch in length and a third of an inch in width (Day, 2016). The eastern boxelder bug has a short life span, with the males surviving for a mean of 1-22 days and females surviving for a mean of 1-20 days (Yoder & Robinson, 1990). A life of a boxelder bug consists of overwintering beginning in mid-autumn until April, then choosing urban settings or tree bases for nesting in the spring (Tinker, 1952). Tinker (1952) noted that by July aggregations of nymphs can be seen on the ground and in low vegetation, and one or two generations can be seen by the end of their active season in the warmer months (Day, 2016).

Diet
This bug feeds mainly on the trees of maple and soapberry (Chordas & McAllister, 2015). Though this bug has a tie to the tree species donned with the same name, boxelder trees (Acer negundo), it is not limited to a diet of only this tree and been accounted for consuming the seeds and fruits of maples (Acer speices) and other tree species (Scott, 2010). They feed with piercing-sucking mouths that actually cause harm to the trees they feed on (Scott, 2010).

Reproduction & Communication
Through laboratory studies, it was found that the mean number of eggs produced after mating was 30 (Yoder, 1988). Females lay eggs in cracks in bark (Klass, 2009) about 1-5 days after mating has occurred and eggs will incubate for an average of 10 days (Yoder & Robinson, 1990). The only known parental investment is the female protection of eggs while they are in her body (Grimmes et al, 2004). Millar (2006) found it was not possible to execute experiments to distinguish the parameters of mating behaviour of this species due to failed attempts of breaking suspended reproductive development after ceasing overwintering behaviour. Research by Millar (2006) was also conducted to assess chemical and vibrational communication of boxelder bugs. Chemical communication was seen through bioassays where bugs held in a Y-tube were equally attracted to an odour produced by male or female, which lead the research team to believe that scent plays a role in aggregation tendencies of the species and is not sex specific. Visual and acoustic cues were eliminated in this study, but acoustic cues were tested for in separate study. In this experiment done by Millar (2006), sexually mature bugs were recorded and videotaped on a loudspeaker membrane for any acoustic or vibrational signals, which held no significant results to show that vibrational or acoustic signals are not part of the communication system of the insects (Millar, 2006).

Predation: Does the animal have any predators?
This bug has few predators that include rodents, a few bird species, and even other insects, like spiders, grasshoppers, and praying mantis (Davidson, 2018). Most notably, the guinea hen has a diet that consists of 90% insects, which include boxelder bugs (Davidson, 2018). However, it is to be noted that amongst these predators, the boxelder is not of most desire, but will be eaten if present to these species. The reason for these decreased interest of predation on this insect is due to the bright red lines that ornate its shell, which is a signal sent to other organisms to warn that it is a poisonous or distasteful food source (Davidson, 2018).

Conservation Status
The eastern boxelder bug is not considered to be under any ecological stress or faced with a possibility of being endangered. This is due to the reason that this insect is thought of as a pest, as stated by countless sources online. It is high in numbers across North America (Robinson, 2005), and can be found in condense aggregations in urban settings in spring or fall (Day, 2016). Ways of controlling these pests are by chemical or non-chemical means, like spraying hot water, using shop vacuum (Scott, 2010), or insecticide spray on trees that they consume (Klass, 2009).

Did You Know?
This bug as an affinity for inhabiting human environments, like homes, for participating in overwintering tendencies (Swanson, 2011). This species also has habits of aggregating on anthropogenic structures. Which was personally proven to be true as the photos used for this assignment were taken outside a local coffee shop on a busy road! Another fun fact that their scientific name is composed from their characteristic three red stripes on their shell, with Latin words tri (three) + vattata (banded).

References
Chordas, S. W. III, McAllister, C. T. (2015). Eastern boxelder bug, Boisea trivittata (Hemiptera: Rhopalidae) confirmation in arkansas. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.uark.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://scholar.google.ca/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=boxelder+bug+arkansas&btnG=&oq=boxelder+bug+arkan&httpsredir=1&article=1023&context=jaas'

Day, E. (2016). Boxelder bug. Retrieved from https://vtechworks.lib.vt.edu/bitstream/handle/10919/75371/ENTO-186.pdf?sequence=1

Davidson, Elaine. (2018, March 13). What eats boxelder bugs? Retrieved from https://sciencing.com/eats-boxelder-bugs-8528486.html

Klass, C. (2009). Boxelder bug. Retrieved from http://ccetompkins.org/resources/box-elder-bug-factsheet

Grimmes, K. A., Miller, D., Wyman, A. J. (2003). Egg production in boxelder bug Boisea trvittata (Hemipter: Rhopalidae). Retrieved from https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol36/iss2/8/

Millar, J. G. (2006). Investigations of possible chemical and acoustic communication in boxelder bug, Leptocoris (=Boisea) spp. (Hemiptera:Rhopalidae). Retrieved from http://www.calpear.com/_pdf/research-reports/2006/Entomology/Millar%20-%20Investigations%20of%20Posible%20Chemical%20and%20Acoustic%20Communication%20in%20Boxelder%20Bug.pdf

Robinson, W. (2005). Urban Insects & Arachnids: A Handbook of Urban Entomology. Cambridge, United Kingdom: University Press.

Scott, J. M. (2010). Boxelder bugs. Retrieved from https://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheet/boxelder-bugs/

Swanson, D. R. (2011). A synopsis of the Coreoidea (Heteroptera) of Michigan. Retrieved from https://scholar.valpo.edu/tgle/vol44/iss2/4/

Yoder, K. M., Robinson, W. H. (1990). Seasonal abundance and habits of the boxelder bug, Boisea trivittata (Say), in an urban environment. Retrieved from https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/19911155420

Yoder, K. M., Robinson, W. H. (1988). The ecology and management of the boxelder bug, Boisea trivittata (Say), (Hemiptara: Rhopalidae) in the urban environment. Retrieved from https://vtechworks.lib.vt.edu/bitstream/handle/10919/50100/LD5655.V855_1989.Y634.pdf?sequence=1

Eastern Boxelder Bug - Photo (c) klips, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
kyukich's ID: Eastern Boxelder Bug (Boisea trivittata)
Added on October 16, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 0 disagree

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What

Water Boatmen Family Corixidae

Observer

jordanmurphy

Date

June 30, 2017 11:06 PM EDT
Water Boatmen - Photo (c) Piet Spaans, some rights reserved (CC BY-SA)
kyukich's ID: Water Boatmen (Family Corixidae)
Added on October 15, 2018. 3 People agree, 1 disagrees

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Observer

jordanmurphy

Date

July 29, 2017 10:14 PM EDT
Plume Moths - Photo (c) Raiwen, all rights reserved, uploaded by Raiwen
kyukich's ID: Plume Moths (Family Pterophoridae)
Added on October 15, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 1 disagrees

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What

Common Aerial Yellowjacket Dolichovespula arenaria

Observer

miketheknife

Date

August 1, 2015 03:00 PM EDT
Common Aerial Yellowjacket - Photo (c) Scott King, all rights reserved
kyukich's ID: Common Aerial Yellowjacket (Dolichovespula arenaria)
Added on October 12, 2018. 0 People agree, 1 disagrees

Photos / Sounds

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What

Common Aerial Yellowjacket Dolichovespula arenaria

Observer

miketheknife

Date

August 1, 2015 03:00 PM EDT
German Yellowjacket - Photo (c) anonymous, some rights reserved (GFDL)
kyukich's ID: German Yellowjacket (Vespula germanica)
Added on October 12, 2018. 0 People agree, 1 disagrees

Photos / Sounds

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What

Narrow-headed Marsh Fly Helophilus fasciatus

Observer

miketheknife

Date

June 4, 2009 01:50 PM EDT
Narrow-headed Marsh Fly - Photo (c) Liam O'Brien, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
kyukich's ID: Narrow-headed Marsh Fly (Helophilus fasciatus)
Added on October 12, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 1 disagrees

Photos / Sounds

What

Tawny-edged Skipper Polites themistocles

Observer

kens18

Date

June 22, 2016 12:23 PM EDT
Tawny-edged Skipper - Photo (c) Bill Bouton, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
kyukich's ID: Tawny-edged Skipper (Polites themistocles)
Added on October 12, 2018. 2 People agree, 2 disagree

Photos / Sounds

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What

Eastern Calligrapher Toxomerus geminatus

Observer

miketheknife

Date

June 4, 2009 01:48 PM EDT
Eastern Calligrapher - Photo (c) Judy Gallagher, some rights reserved (CC BY), uploaded by Judy Gallagher
kyukich's ID: Eastern Calligrapher (Toxomerus geminatus)
Added on October 12, 2018. 2 People agree, 0 disagree

Photos / Sounds

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What

Eastern Boxelder Bug Boisea trivittata

Observer

carlos472

Date

October 11, 2018 03:48 PM EDT
Eastern Boxelder Bug - Photo (c) klips, some rights reserved (CC BY-NC)
kyukich's ID: Eastern Boxelder Bug (Boisea trivittata)
Added on October 12, 2018. 1 Person agrees, 0 disagree

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